The claim for a distinct scholarly identity made it necessary that administrative lawyers separated the discipline from other jurisprudential disciplines. Formally legal science and politics were separated. In practice, however, they were intertwined since leading jurists often were politicians, a fact that brings to fore the question about the relationship between political strategies and the elaboration of legal methods. Furthermore, there was a dynamic between traditional emphasises on national characteristics of administrative law and influences from abroad.
The study investigates public documents, legal doctrine, material from archives, debates and international arenas, and it departs from three main questions. 1) How did legal scholars mark the disciplines identity? 2) How did legal science and politics interplay? 3) How did national traditions interact with influences from abroad?
It aims at giving new knowledge on the establishment of academic professions and identities, the blurring between public and private law, the complex relation between law and politics, and the transfer from liberal Rechtsstaat to the democratic welfare state. Moreover it will deepen the understanding of differences and similarities between Nordic countries and a number of EU-states.
The study focuses on how administrative law emerged as an independent academic discipline in Sweden during the period 1880-1940. So far, no comprehensive research has paid attention this issue.
Projektet undersöker hur förvaltningsrätten uppkom som en självständig rättsvetenskaplig disciplin 1890-1940. Centrala frågor är hur den nya akademisk profession utvecklade sin självförståelse, relationen mellan juridik och politik, övergången från liberal rättstat till välfärdsstat samt förhållandet mellan nationella särdrag och europeisk rättsgemenskap.
Rättshistoria, förvaltningsrätt, rättsstat, välfärdsstat, den svenska modellen, profession, komparation
Swedish Research Council